Monday, June 29, 2020

Railway ER Kolkata Apprentice Online Form 2020 (Re-Open)

Hellodear all friends , now a good new for those candidates who interested in  Eastern Railway (ER) , Kolkata because now RRC Eastern Railway , Kolkata released notification for the post of RRC ER Kolkata Apprentice Online Form 2020 so interested candidates can be apply from given below links...



Department Name :-Eastern Railway (ER), Kolkata

RRC-ER/Act Apprentices/2019-20 

Name of the Post :- 

RRC ER Kolkata Apprentice Online Form 2020

Important Dates :


Application Start Date 25/06/2020
Last Date to apply09/07/2020 upto 05:00 P.M.
Last Date of Fee Payment 09/07/2020
CBT Exam DateAvailable soon

Fee Details :

General/OBC100/-
SC/ST/PH0/-

*Pay the Examination Fee Through Debit Card, Credit Card, Net Banking or E Challan.

Vacancy Details :-
 Total : 2792 Post
Post Name
Total Post
Eligibility
Age Limit
Trade Apprentice
2792
  • Class 10 High School Exam with ITI Certificatein Related Trade.
15-24 as on 13/03/2020
For Category / Trade Wise Vacancy Details
Trade Name
Sealdah
Kanchrapara
Jamalpur
Howrah
Asansol
Liluah
Malda
Fitter
185
66
260
281
151
80
47
Welder
60
39
220
61
96
68
03
Mech (MV)
0
0
0
09
0
0
0
Mech (Dsl.)
0
0
65
17
41
0
0
Black Smith
0
0
0
09
0
0
0
Machinist
0
06
48
09
0
11
0
Carpenter
0
09
0
09
0
0
02
Painter
0
10
0
09
0
05
02
Lineman (General)
40
0
0
09
0
0
0
Wireman
40
0
0
09
0
0
0
Ref.& AC Mech.
35
0
0
08
0
05
06
Electrician
91
73
43
220
110
15
41
Mechanic Machine Tool Maint
0
0
0
09
0
0
0
Electronics  Mechanic
75
0
0
0
0
0
0
Turner
0
0
48
0
14
05
0
Wireman
0
03
0
0
0
15
0
How to Fill Form
  • Railway Eastern Region ER, Kolkata West Bengal Apprentice Recruitment 2020. Candidate Can Apply Between 21/02/020 to 20/03/2020.
  • Candidate Read the Notification Before Apply the Recruitment Application Form in Railway ER Apprentice Vacancies 2020.
  • Kindly Check and College the All Document - Eligibility, ID Proof, Address Details, Basic Details.
  • Kindly Ready Scan Document Related to Admission Entrance Form - Photo, Sign, ID Proof, Etc.
  • Before Submit the Application Form Must Check the Preview and All Column Carefully.
  • Take A Print Out of Final Submitted Form.

Important Links :-

Apply Online

Registration | Login

Download Date Change Notice

Click Here

Download Notification

Click Here

Official Website

Click Here

Friday, June 26, 2020

UPSSSC Lower Various Post Result 2020

Hello dear all friends, now a good news for those candidates who interested in UPSSSC now UPSSSC released notification for the post of Chakbandi Adhikari , Other Various Post Recruitment Online Form 2019.

Department Name :- UPSSSC – Uttar Pradesh Subordinate Service Selection Commission

Name of the Post :-Chakbandi Adhikari, Other Various Post Recruitment 2019

UPSSC Advt No. 01/2019 

Important Dates :

Online application begin Date 30/01/2019
Last Date to apply19/02/2019
Last Date of Fee Payment 19/02/2019
Last Date of Correction26/02/2019

Fee Details  :

General/OBC225/-
SC/ST105/-
PH25/-
*Pay the Exam Fee Through Online Debit Card, Credit Card, Net Banking.

Vacancy Details & Eligibility : 

Vacancy Details Total : 672 Post

Post Name
Gen
OBC
SC
ST
Total
Age
Eligibility
Various Post
348
181
128
15
672
18-40 for Information Officer, Other Post 21-40 as on 01/07/2019
*Bachelor Degree in Any Recognized University in India.
*For Post Wise Eligibility Details Read Notification.
    Post Name
    Total Post
    Post Name
    Total Post
    Asst. Chakbandi Adhikari
    94
    Marketing Inspector
    194
    Supply Inspector
    151
    Forest Inspector
    89
    District Information Officer
    11
    Executive Officer
    107
    Rajasva Nirikshak (RI)
    26
    Total
    672


    UPSSSC Lower Subordinate Cut Off Marks 2019 Advt 01/2019 & 22/2016

    UPSSSC Lower Subordinate Pre Exam Cut Off 2019 (Expected) : UPSSSC will announce Pre Exam Result based on Cut off decided for Combined Lower Subordinate Service Exam 2019. Cut off Marks will be category wise i.e for General, OBC, SC, ST Category. Cut off Marks will be based on 300 Marks. Check UPSSSC Lower Subordinate Pre Exam Expected Cut off marks will available after conduction of exam of all shifts. 20000 Candidates will be called for Mains Exam. Expected Cut Off Marks for Lower Subordinate Pre Exam is as follows :
    • General Category : 197-203 Marks
    • OBC Category : 192-188 Marks
    • SC Category : 167-172 Marks
    • ST category : 154-158 Marks
    • Female Category : 185-190 Marks
    UPSSSC Lower Subordinate Cut Off Advt 22/2016 (Expected) : UPSSSC will announce Written Exam Result based on Cut off decided for Lower Subordinate Service II Exam 2016. Cut off Marks will be category wise i.e for General, OBC, SC, ST Category. Cut off Marks will be based on 350 Marks. Check UPSSSC Lower Subordinate Expected Cut off marks below….
    • General Category : 217-224 Marks
    • OBC Category : 212-216 Marks
    • SC Category : 197-202 Marks
    • ST category : 184-188 Marks
    UPSSSC Lower Various Post Result 2020
    UPSSSC Lower Various Post Result 2020

    Important Links :

    Download Result

    Click Here

    Download Revised Answer Key

    Click Here

    Download Answer Key (All Sets)

    AA TO AH | BA TO BH | DA TO DH | EA TO EH

    For Online Objection

    Click Here

    Download Question Paper

    Click Here

    Download Admit Card

    Click Here

    Download Syllabus

    Click Here

    Check List for Photo, Signature Objection List

    Click Here

    Download Exam Calendar

    List-1 | List-2

    Apply Online

    Click Here

    Download Notification

    Click Here

    Official Website

    Click Here

    How to apply :- 


    Syllabus :-


    UPSSSC Combined Gram Vikas / Panchayat Adhkiar and Samaj Kalyan Prayveksh Supplemenary Result 2020

    Hello friends, Now a good news from UPSSSC , Now Gram Panchyat Adhikari , Gram Vikas Adhikari And Samaj Kalyan Prayveksh Recruitment 2018 , Answer Key is available here you can download your admit card from given below link...


    Department Name :- Uttar Pradesh Subordinate Service Selection Commission (UPSSSC)

    Name of the Post :- Gram Panchyat Adhikari , Gram Vikas Adhikari and Samaj Kalyan Prayveksh Recruitment 2018


    Important Dates :


    Online application begin Date 30/05/2018
    Last Date to apply Registration Part I25/06/2018
    Last Date of Payment27/06/2018
    Last Date Complete From Challan Mode Part II29/06/2018 
    Exam Date Paper I22-23 December 2018
    Last Date Re Uploading Photo /Sign07/11/2018

    Fee Details  : Vacancies will be determined in due course.

    General/OBC185/-
    SC/ST95/-
    PH25/-

    *Pay the Examination fee through Dabit Card, Credit Card , Net Banking or Pay through offline E-Challan mode only. 

    Vacancy Details :


    Vacancy Details Total : 1953 Post

    Post Name
    Gen
    OBC
    SC
    ST
    Total
    Eligibility
    Gram Panchayat Adhikari
    841
    370
    296
    20
    1527
    • 10+2 Intermediate Exam with CCC Certificate from NIELIT
    • Age Limit : 18-40 as on 01/07/2018
    Gram Vikas Adhikari
    182
    97
    76
    07
    362
    Samaj Kalyan Prayvekshak
    33
    17
    14
    0
    64

    Important Links :


    Download Supplementary Result

    Click Here

    Download Postponed Notice

    Click Here

    Download Document Verification Letter

    Click Here

    Download Result (Selected for DV Test)

    Click Here

    Download Result

    Click Here

    Download Revised Answer Key

    Server 1 | Server 2

    Download Revised Answer Key

    Click Here

    Download Answer Key

    Click Here

    Download Admit Card

    Click Here

    Rejected Candidate List

    Click Here

    Re Upload Photo Signature

    Click Here

    Download Exam Notice

    Click Here

    Pay Exam Fee

    Click Here

    Submit Final Form

    Click Here

    Download Syllabus

    Click Here

    Download Notification

    Click Here

    Official Website

    Click Here

    CTET July 2020 Postponed Notice

    Hello dear all Friends, now a good news for those candidates who interested in CTET 2020. Now Central Board of Secondary Education released notification for the post of Central Teacher Eligibility Test CTET December 2019 Online Form so interested candidate can be apply from given below link...




    Department Name :-Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE)

    Name of the Post :- Central Teacher Eligibility Test CTET July 2020

    Important Dates :


    Application Start Date 24/01/2020
    Last Date to apply02/03/2020
    Online Correction Date19-26 March 2020
    Exam Date 05/07/2020 (Postponed)

    Fee Details for Single Paper :-

    General/OBC1000/-
    SC/ST/PH500/-

    Fee Details for Both Paper :-

    General/OBC1200/-
    SC/ST/PH600/-
    *Pay the Examination Fee Through Debit Card, Credit Card, Net Banking or E Challan.

    Eligibility Details :-

    Eligibility CTET December 2020

    Primary Stage (Class I to V)

    • Senior Secondary (or its equivalent) with at least 50% marks and passed or appearing in final year of 2-year Diploma in Elementary Education OR
    • Senior Secondary (or its equivalent) with at least 45% marks and passed or appearing in final year of 2- year Diploma in Elementary Education as per NCTE 2002 Norms OR
    • Senior Secondary (or its equivalent) with at least 50% marks and passed or appearing in final year of 4- year Bachelor of Elementary Education (B.El.Ed) OR
    • Senior Secondary (or its equivalent) with at least 50% marks and passed or appearing in final year of 2- year Diploma in Education (Special Education) OR
    • Graduation with 50% Marks and 1 Year B.Ed Examination OR
    • Graduation and passed or appearing in final year of two year Diploma in Elementary Education

    Secondary Stage (Class VI to VIII)

    • Bachelor Degree and passed or appearing in final year of 2-year Diploma in Elementary Education (by whatever name known). OR
    • Graduation with at least 50% marks and passed or appearing in 1-year Bachelor in Education (B.Ed). OR
    • Graduation with at least 45% marks and passed or appearing in 1-year Bachelor in Education (B.Ed), in accordance with the NCTE Norms OR
    • Senior Secondary (or its equivalent) with at least 50% marks and passed or appearing in final year of 4- year Bachelor in Elementary Education (B.El.Ed). OR
    • Senior Secondary (or its equivalent) with at least 50% marks and passed or appearing in final year of 4- year B.A/B.Sc.Ed or B.A.Ed/B.Sc.Ed. OR
    • Graduation with at least 50% marks and passed or appearing in 1-year B.Ed. / (B.Ed Special Education)

    Important Links :-

    Download Postponed Notice

    Click Here

    Apply Online

    Click Here

    Notification

    Click Here

    Official Website

    Click Here

    How to Apply Video :-

    CTET 2019 December Syllabus

    Hello dear friends, A good news for those candidates who interested in CTET 2020 exam , Here you will get full syllabus of CTET 2020 So to be know complete syllabus 2020 read below...

    Paper I (for classes 1 to V) Primary Stage 

    I. Child Development and Pedagogy 30 Questions


    a) Child Development (Primary School Child) 15 Questions



    • Concept of development and its relationship with learning
    • Principles of the development of children
    • Influence of Heredity & Environment
    • Socialization processes: Social world & children (Teacher, Parents, Peers)
    • Piaget, Kohlberg and Vygotsky: constructs and critical perspectives
    • Concepts of child-centered and progressive education
    • Critical perspective of the construct of Intelligence
    • Multi-Dimensional Intelligence
    • Language & Thought
    • Gender as a social construct; gender roles, gender-bias and educational practice
    • Individual differences among learners, understanding differences based on diversity of language, caste, gender, community, religion etc.
    • Distinction between Assessment for learning and assessment of learning; School-Based Assessment, Continuous & Comprehensive Evaluation: perspective and practice
    • Formulating appropriate questions for assessing readiness levels of learners; for enhancing learning and critical thinking in the classroom and for assessing learner achievement.

    b) Concept of Inclusive education and understanding children with special needs 5 Questions



    • Addressing learners from diverse backgrounds including disadvantaged and deprived
    • Addressing the needs of children with learning difficulties, ‘impairment’etc.
    • Addressing the Talented, Creative, Specially able Learners
    c) Learning and Pedagogy 10 Questions


    •  How children think and learn; how and why children ‘fail’ to achieve success in school performance.
    • Basic processes of teaching and learning; children’s strategies of learning; learning as a social activity; social context of learning.
    • Child as a problem solver and a ‘scientific investigator’
    • Alternative conceptions of learning in children, understanding children’s ‘errors’ as significant steps in the learning process.
    • Cognition & Emotions
    • Motivation and learning
    • Factors contributing to learning - personal & environmental



    II. Language I 30 Questions



     a) Language Comprehension 15 Questions Reading unseen passages - two passages one prose or drama and one poem with questions on comprehension, inference, grammar and verbal ability (Prose passage may be literary, scientific, narrative or discursive)

    b) Pedagogy of Language Development 15 Questions


    •  Learning and acquisition
    •  Principles of language Teaching
    • Role of listening and speaking; function of language and how children use it as a tool
    • Critical perspective on the role of grammar in learning a language for communicating ideas verbally and in written form
    • Challenges of teaching language in a diverse classroom; language difficulties, errors and disorders 
    • Language Skills
    • Evaluating language comprehension and proficiency: speaking, listening, reading and writing • Teaching- learning materials: Textbook, multi-media materials, multilingual resource of the classroom
    • Remedial Teaching

    III. Language - II 30 Questions

    a) Comprehension 15 Questions Two unseen prose passages (discursive or literary or narrative or scientific) with question on comprehension, grammar and verbal ability

    b) Pedagogy of Language Development 15 Questions


    • Learning and acquisition
    • Principles of language Teaching 
    • Role of listening and speaking; function of language and how children use it as a too
    • Critical perspective on the role of grammar in learning a language for communicating ideas verbally and in written form;
    • Challenges of teaching language in a diverse classroom; language difficulties, errors and disorders 
    • Language Skills
    • Evaluating language comprehension and proficiency: speaking, listening, reading and writing
    • Teaching - learning materials: Textbook, multi-media materials, multilingual resource of the classroom
    • Remedial Teaching


     IV. Mathematics 30 Questions

    a) Content 15 Questions


    • Geometry 
    • Shapes & Spatial Understandingz
    • Solids around Us
    • Numbers
    • Addition and Subtraction
    • Multiplication
    • Division
    • Measurement
    • Weight
    • Time
    • Volume
    • Data Handling
    • Patterns
    • Money


    b) Pedagogical issues 15 Questions



    • Nature of Mathematics/Logical thinking; understanding children’s thinking and reasoning patterns and strategies of making meaning and learning
    • Place of Mathematics in Curriculum
    • Language of Mathematics
    • Community Mathematics
    • Evaluation through formal and informal methods
    • Problems of Teaching
    • Error analysis and related aspects of learning and teaching
    • Diagnostic and Remedial Teaching

    V. Environmental Studies 30 Questions

    a) Content 15 Questions


     i. Family and Friends:

    1.1 Relationships
    1.2 Work and Play
    1.3 Animals
    1.4 Plants
    ii. Food
    iii. Shelter
    iv. Water
    v. Travel
    vi. Things We Make and Do

     b) Pedagogical Issues 15 Questions



    • Concept and scope of EVS
    • Significance of EVS, integrated EVS
    • Environmental Studies & Environmental Education
    • Learning Principles
    • Scope & relation to Science & Social Science
    • Approaches of presenting concepts
    • Activities
    • Experimentation/Practical Work
    • Discussion
    • CCE
    • Teaching material/Aids
    • Problems


    Paper II (for classes VI to VIII) Elementary Stage

    I. Child Development and Pedagogy 30 Questions
    a) Child Development (Elementary School Child) 15 Questions


    •  Concept of development and its relationship with learning
    • Principles of the development of children
    • Influence of Heredity & Environment
    • Socialization processes: Social world & children (Teacher, Parents, Peers)
    • Piaget, Kohlberg and Vygotsky: constructs and critical perspectives
    • Concepts of child-centered and progressive education
    • Critical perspective of the construct of Intelligence
    • Multi-Dimensional Intelligence
    • Language & Thought
    • Gender as a social construct; gend

    c) Learning and Pedagogy 10 Questions


    •  How children think and learn; how and why children ‘fail’ to achieve success in school performance.
    •  Basic processes of teaching and learning; children’s strategies of learning; learning as a social activity; social context of learning.
    •  Child as a problem solver and a ‘scientific investigator’
    •  Alternative conceptions of learning in children, understanding children’s ‘errors’ as significant steps in the learning process.
    •  Cognition & Emotions
    •  Motivation and learning
    •  Factors contributing to learning - personal & environmental


    II. Language I 30 Questions

    a) Language Comprehension 15 Questions Reading unseen passages - two passages one prose or drama and one poem with questions on comprehension, inference, grammar and verbal ability (Prose passage may be literary, scientific, narrative or discursive)

    b) Pedagogy of Language Development 15 Questions :



    • Learning and acquisition
    •  Principles of language Teaching
    •  Role of listening and speaking; function of language and how children use
    •  it as a tool
    •  Critical perspective on the role of grammar in learning a language for communicating ideas verbally and in written form;
    •  Challenges of teaching language in a diverse classroom; language difficulties, errors and disorders • Language Skills
    •  Evaluating language comprehension and proficiency: speaking, listening, reading and writing
    • Teaching- learning materials: Textbook, multi-media materials, multilingual resource of the classroom
    • Remedial Teaching

    III. Language-II 30 Questions


    a) Comprehension 15 Questions Two unseen prose passages (discursive or literary or narrative or scientific) with question on comprehension, grammar and verbal ability

    b) Pedagogy of Language Development 15 Questions

    • Learning and acquisition
    • Principles of language Teaching
    • Role of listening and speaking; function of language and how children use it as a tool
    •  Critical perspective on the role of grammar in learning a language for communicating ideas verbally and in written form;
    •  Challenges of teaching language in a diverse classroom; language difficulties, errors and disorders
    •  Language Skills
    •  Evaluating language comprehension and proficiency: speaking, listening, reading and writing
    •  Teaching - learning materials: Textbook, multi-media materials, multilingual resource of the classroom
    •  Remedial Teaching

    IV. Mathematics and Science 60 Questions

    (i) Mathematics 30 Questions v

    a) Content 20 Questions Number System



    •  Knowing our Numbers
    •  Playing with Numbers
    •  Whole Numbers
    •  Negative Numbers and Integers v
    •  Fractions Algebra
    •  Introduction to Algebra v
    •  Ratio and Proportion Geometry
    •  Basic geometrical ideas (2-D)
    •  Understanding Elementary Shapes (2-D and 3-D)
    •  Symmetry: (reflection)
    • Construction (using Straight edge Scale, protractor, compasses) Mensuration
    • Data handling

    b) Pedagogical issues 10 Questions




    •  Nature of Mathematics/Logical thinking
    • Place of Mathematics in Curriculum
    •  Language of Mathematics
    •  Community Mathematics
    •  Evaluation 
    • Remedial Teaching
    • Problem of Teaching


    i) Science 30 Questions :

     a) Content 20 Questions Food



    • Sources of food
    • Components of food v
    • Cleaning food Materials v
    • Materials of daily use v The World of the Living v Moving Things People and Ideas How things work
    • Electric current and circuits v
    • Magnets v Natural Phenomena Natural Resources
    b) Pedagogical issues 10 Questions


    • Nature & Structure of Sciences
    •  Natural Science/Aims & objectives
    •  Understanding & Appreciating Science
    •  Approaches/Integrated Approach
    •  Observation/Experiment/Discovery (Method of Science)
    •  Innovation
    • Text Material/Aids
    • Evaluation - cognitive/psychomotor/affective
    • Problems
    • Remedial Teaching

    V. Social Studies/Social Sciences 60 Questions

     a) v Content 40 Questions History



    • When, Where and How
    • The Earliest Societies
    • The First Farmers and Herders
    • The First Cities
    • Early States
    • New Ideas
    • The First Empire
    • Contacts with Distant lands
    • Political Developments
    • Culture and Science
    • New Kings and Kingdoms
    •  Sultans of Delhi
    • Architecture
    • Creation of an Empire
    •  Social Change
    •  Regional Cultures
    •  The Establishment of Company Power
    •  Rural Life and Society
    • Colonialism and Tribal Societies
    • The Revolt of 1857-58
    • Women and reform
    • Challenging the Caste System
    • The Nationalist Movement
    • India After Independence
    •  Geography as a social study and as a science
    • Planet: Earth in the solar system
    • Globe
    • Environment in its totality: natural and human environment
    • Air
    • Water
    • Human Environment: settlement, transport and communication
    • Resources: Types-Natural and Human
    • Agriculture v Social and Political Life
    • Diversity
    • Government
    •  Local Government
    •  Making a Living
    •  Democracy
    • State Government Geography
    •  Understanding Media 
    •  Unpacking Gender
    •  The Constitution
    •  Parliamentary Government
    • The Judiciary
    •  Social Justice and the Marginalized

     b) Pedagogical issues:-



    •  Concept & Nature of Social Science/Social Studies
    •  Class Room Processes, activities and discourse
    •  Developing Critical thinking
    •  Enquiry/Empirical Evidence
    •  Problems of teaching Social Science/Social Studies
    •  Sources - Primary & Secondary
    • Projects Work
    •  Evaluation Note: For Detailed syllabus of classes l-VIII, please refer to NCERT syllabus and textbooks 20 Questions A. PROCEDURE TO BE FOLLOWED DURING CONDUCT OF CTET

    Important Notes :-

    1. The examination rooms/hall will be opened 90 minutes before the commencement of test. Candidates should take their seat immediately after opening of the examination hall.
    If the candidates do not report in time due to any reason i.e. traffic jam, train/bus delay etc, they are likely to miss some of the general instructions to be announced in the Examination Hall.
     2. The candidate must show, the Admit Card downloaded from CTET official website for admission in the examination room/hall. A candidate who does not possess the valid Admit Card shall not be permitted for the examination under any circumstances by the Centre Superintendent.
    3. A seat indicating roll number will be allocated to each candidate. Candidates should find and occupy their allocated seat only.’ Any candidate found to have changed room or the seat on his/her own other than allotted, his/her candidature shall be cancelled and no plea would be accepted for it.
    4. A candidate who comes after the commencement of the examination shall not be permitted to sit in the examination. The candidates shall report at the Examination Centre 90 minutes before the examination.
    5. Candidates are not allowed to carry the following items inside the centres :-
     a) Any stationery item like textual material (printed or written), bits of papers, Geometry/Pencil Box, Plastic Pouch, Calculator, Scale, Writing Pad, Pen drives, Eraser, Calculator, Log Table, Electronic Pen/scanner, Cardboard etc.
     b) Any communication devices like Mobile phones, Bluetooth, Earphones, Microphone, Pager, Health band etc.
    c) Any Watch/Wrist watch, Camera, wallet, goggles, handbags etc.
    d) Any other item which could be used for unfair means and for hiding communication devices/gadgets like Camera, Bluetooth device etc.
     6. No candidate, without the special permission of the Centre Superintendent or the Invigilator concerned, will leave his/her seat or Examination Room until the full duration of the paper is over. Candidates should not leave the room/hall without handing over their Answer Sheets to the Invigilator on duty and sign the attendance sheet second time. Cases where a candidate has not signed the Attendance Sheet second time will be deemed not to have handed over the OMR Sheet and dealt with as an unfair means case.
    7. Smoking, chewing gutka, spiting etc. in the Examination Hall/Room is strictly prohibited.
    8. Tea, coffee, cold drinks or snacks are not allowed to be taken into the examination rooms during examination hours.
    9. Fifteen minutes before the commencement of the paper, each candidate will be given sealed Test Booklet with an Answer Sheet placed inside it.
    10. Immediately on receipt of the Test Booklet the candidates will fill in the required particulars on the cover page of the Test Booklet with their own Ball Point Pens (Black/Blue). The Candidates should bring their own Ball Point Pen (Black/Blue) of good quality as this time PEN will not be supplied by the Board. He /She will not open the Test Booklet until asked to do so by the Invigilator. Do not open/break the seal before the announcement.